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  • 平台编号:bio-110621
  • 规格:ELISA试剂盒(96孔/10板)
  • 注意事项:仅用于科学研究或者工业应用等非医疗目的,不可用于人类或动物的临床诊断或治疗,非药用,非食用
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Catalog Number AP 080 Intended Use The QualiPlate Kit for Melon Necrotic Spot Virus screens for the presence of Melon Necrotic Spot Carmovirus (MNSV) in seed or leaf extracts. In studies on seed lots determined to be MNSV positive by other test methods and by comparison with controls, this kit was able to consistently detect the presence of the virus (using minimum sample sizes of 2,000 seeds and minimum sub-sample sizes of 200 seeds). EnviroLogix’ family of cucurbit ELISA kits (SqMV, CGMMV and MNSV) utilize identical extraction and testing protocols. Preparation of Solutions Wash Buffer: Add the contents of the packet of Wash Buffer Salts (phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4 – 0.05% Tween 20) to 1 liter of distilled or deionized water, and stir to dissolve. Store refrigerated when not in use; warm to room temperature* prior to assay. Additional 1L dry packets may be purchased from Sigma Chemicals, Cat#P-3563, or similar recipes may be prepared from salts on site. Note: Wash Buffer is also used in the Conjugate Dilution Alternative leaf testing protocol. 1X Seed Extraction Buffer: Bring 10X Seed Extraction Buffer to room temperature*, then stir / shake to dissolve precipitates completely before proceeding. To make 1X Seed Extraction Buffer, add the entire 50 mL bottle of 10X Seed Extraction Buffer to 450 mL of distilled or deionized water in a suitable container, and mix thoroughly to dissolve any remaining precipitates. Store 1X Seed Extraction Buffer refrigerated when not in use; warm to room temperature* prior to assay. Additional 10X or 35X buffer may be purchased from EnviroLogix (Cat#KR160 or Cat#KR186 respectively). See "Notes" section for preparing various volumes of Buffer. *Please note: "room temperature" notation in all instructions is 18- 25°C – do not expose kit components or solutions to temperatures above 25°C. Sample Preparation Seeds: The sample must be extracted with prepared 1X Seed Extraction Buffer at a ratio of 1:10 (gram of seeds to mL of buffer). For example: - 2.5 g of seed : 25 mL of 1X Seed Extraction Buffer - 0.25 g of seed : 2.5 mL of 1X Seed Extraction Buffer All seeds must be thoroughly ground/cracked in order for the internal tissue to come in contact with the buffer. Use equipment appropriate for the size of seed being tested (e.g. Polytron, coffee grinder, rubber mallet with mesh extraction bag, etc.). Soak ground seed tissue in 1X Seed Extraction Buffer for 1 hour minimum at 4°C. Solids will settle to the bottom; use the light-colored upper layer in the assay. QualiPlate Kit for MNSV Page 2 of 5 Rev. 07-22-11 Prepare Wash Buffer (and Seed Extraction Buffer, if testing seed) Remove unneeded strips Add Extraction Buffer, controls, and sample extracts Mix plate, incubate All incubation steps must be performed on an orbital shaker with 18+ mm orbital diameter Leaf: The sample must be extracted with 1X Leaf Extraction Buffer at a ratio of 1:10 (gram of leaf tissue to mL of buffer). For example: - 0.1 g of leaf : 1 mL of 1X Leaf Extraction Buffer All leaf tissue must be thoroughly macerated in order for ideal sample extraction (e.g. EnviroLogix ACC 002 tube and pestle, mesh extraction bags, bead-beater apparatus). Note: extracts will be foamy. Pull off particle-free extract to run in the test. Clarification of extracts by centrifugation is recommended (10 minutes at 1800-5000 x g), but not required. How to Run the Assay Read all of these instructions before running the kit. Allow all reagents to reach room temperature before beginning (at least 30 minutes with un-boxed plates and reagents at room temperature (18- 25°C) - do not remove strips from bag with desiccant until they have warmed up). Organize all reagents, sample extracts, and pipettes so that step 1 can be performed in 15 minutes or less; the use of a multi-channel pipette is strongly recommended for all reagent and extract transfers. If more than four strips are to be run at one time, the 15 minutes is likely to be exceeded, and the use of a multi-channel pipette is recommended (see “Note” below). If four or fewer strips are to be run, use a disposable-tip airdisplacement pipette and a clean pipette tip to add Extraction Buffer or sample extract to the wells. Conjugate, Substrate, and Stop Solution may be added in the same manner; alternatively, use a repeating pipette with a disposable tip on the end of the Combitip for each of the three reagents. If fewer than all twelve strips are used, reseal the unneeded strips and the desiccant in the foil bag provided, and refrigerate. Use the well identification markings on the plate edge as a guide when adding the samples and reagents. It is recommended that at least two wells each of 1X Seed or Leaf Extraction Buffer and known-negative seed or leaf extract be run on each plate. Additional quality control samples may be added at the discretion of the user. Sample extracts may be run in either single or duplicate wells. SEED OR LEAF PROTOCOL 1. Add 100 µL of 1X Extraction Buffer, 100 µL of any user-prepared negative control extract, and 100 µL of each sample extract to their respective wells. Follow the same order of addition for all reagents. Treat each plate as an independently timed assay. NOTE: It is strongly recommended that a multi-channel pipette be used in steps 1, 5, 8 and 9. 2. Thoroughly mix the contents of the wells by moving the plate in a rapid circular motion on the bench top for 4-5 seconds. Be careful not to spill the contents! 3. Cover the wells with tape or Parafilm to prevent evaporation and incubate for 30 minutes at ambient temperature on an orbital shaker (with 18+ mm orbital diameter) at 150 to 200 rpm. Note: Shaking during incubation steps is mandatory where called for. Failure to do so will result in up to 50% loss in assay sensitivity. QualiPlate Kit for MNSV Page 3 of 5 Rev. 07-22-11 Bottle Wash method Strip Plate Wash option Add conjugate, mix, incubate, wash Add substrate, mix, incubate Add Stop Solution Seed testing protocol option: For testing convenience, at this point samples may be incubated overnight in the refrigerator (up to 16 hours at 5°C). Allow plates to come to room temperature with the rest of the kit reagents the next morning, before going on to step 4. 4. After incubation, carefully remove the covering and empty the contents of the wells into a sink or other suitable container by inverting quickly and vigorously shaking the plate. Flood the wells completely with Wash Buffer, then empty as directed above. Repeat this wash step three more times. After the final wash, keep the plate inverted and tap firmly on a dry paper towel to remove as much Wash Buffer as possible. If seed samples were incubated overnight, increase the number of wash cycles to 8. 5. Add 100 µL of MNSV Enzyme Conjugate to each well. 6. Thoroughly mix the contents of the wells, as in step 2. Cover the wells with new tape or Parafilm and incubate for 1 hour at ambient temperature on an orbital plate shaker as described above. Note: Shaking during incubation steps is mandatory where called for. Failure to do so will result in up to 50% loss in assay sensitivity. 7. Wash the wells again as described in step 4. Alternatively, perform four washes (300 µL/well) with a microtiter plate or strip washer. 8. Add 100 µL of Substrate to each well. Thoroughly mix the contents of the wells by moving the plate in a rapid circular motion on the bench top for 20-30 seconds. Cover the wells with new tape or Parafilm and incubate for 30 minutes (for best results) at ambient temperature. 9. Add 100 µL of Stop Solution to each well and mix briefly. This will change the blue color in the wells to yellow. Read the plate at 450 nm, with a reference wavelength between 600 and 650 nm. Read the stopped plate within 30 minutes; color may fade beyond that time. NOTE: Stop Solution is 1 N HCl. Handle carefully. How to Interpret the Results Spectrophotometric Measurement Set the wavelength of the microtiter plate reader to 450 nanometers (nm). (If it has dual wavelength capability, use 600, 630 or 650 nm as the reference wavelength.) Interpreting Results Compare the Optical Density (OD) of the sample extracts to those of the mean Extraction Buffer wells, or preferably, to known-negative seed or leaf extract wells, to determine presence or absence of MNSV in the sample extract. Samples with absorbances significantly greater than those of the Seed or Leaf Extraction Buffer and/or negative extract wells are presumed to be positive for MNSV. General Guidelines: Mean OD of Extraction Buffer wells should not exceed 0.10. Mean OD of MNSV-free seed or leaf extracts should not exceed 0.15. If test results consistently fall outside these guidelines, please contact EnviroLogix’ technical service. QualiPlate Kit for MNSV Page 4 of 5 Rev. 07-22-11 Read plates in a Plate Reader at 450 nm within 30 minutes of the addition of Stop Solution. Precautions and Notes Observe any applicable regulations, federal or state guidelines, or inhouse lab safety protocols when disposing of samples and kit reagents. Store all QualiPlate components at 4°C to 8°C (39°F to 46°F) when not in use. Do not expose QualiPlate components to temperatures greater than 37°C (99°F) or less than 2°C (36°F) for optimum performance. Allow all reagents to reach ambient temperature (18-25°C) before use. Do not use kit components after the expiration date. Do not use reagents or test plates from one QualiPlate with reagents or test plates from a different QualiPlate type or different lot number. Do not use samples prepared for analysis in other test kits; do not run sample extracts prepared for this assay in other brands of test kits. Do not expose Substrate to sunlight during pipetting or while incubating in the test wells. Be sure to read the results of stopped color development at 450 nm, not 405 nm. Do not dilute or adulterate test reagents or use samples not called for in the test procedure. Quality of results is dependent upon following the assay protocol as directed. As with all tests, it is recommended that results be confirmed by an alternate method when necessary. Preparing 1X Seed Extraction Buffer: The following table shows the formulas for preparing alternative volumes of Seed Extraction Buffer. Always make sure the concentrated buffer is in solution before using it. 10X Extraction Buffer (KR160, 50 or 1000 mL) Finished Volume 10L 5L 2L 0.5L Start with water (L) 9 4.5 1.8 0.45 Add 10X Extraction Buffer (mL) 1000 (1 lg bottle) 500 200 50 (1 sm bottle) Follow steps in order when diluting 35X Seed Extraction Buffer: 35X Extraction Buffer (KR186, 500 mL) Finished Volume 35L 20L 17.5L 10L 5L 2L 1. Start with water (L) 34 19.43 17 9.71 4.86 1.94 2. Add PVP (g), stir to dissolve 700 400 350 200 100 40 3. Add 35X Extraction Buffer (mL) 1000 571 500 (1 bottle) 286 143 57 QualiPlate Kit for MNSV Page 5 of 5 Rev. 07-22-11 For Technical Support Contact Us At: EnviroLogix 500 Riverside Industrial Parkway Portland, ME 04103-1486 USA Tel: (207) 797-0300 Toll Free: 866-408-4597 Fax: (207) 797-7533 e-mail: horticulture@envirologix.com website: www.envirologix.com LIMITED WARRANTY EnviroLogix Inc. (“EnviroLogix”) warrants the products sold hereunder (“the Products”) against defects in materials and workmanship when used in accordance with the applicable instructions for a period not to extend beyond a product’s printed expiration date. If the Products do not conform to this Limited Warranty and the customer notifies EnviroLogix in writing of such defects during the warranty period, including an offer by the customer to return the Products to EnviroLogix for evaluation, EnviroLogix will repair or replace, at its option, any product or part thereof that proves defective in materials or workmanship within the warranty period. ENVIROLOGIX MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. The warranty provided herein and the data, specifications and descriptions of EnviroLogix products appearing in EnviroLogix published catalogues and product literature are EnviroLogix’ sole representations concerning the Products and warranty. No other statements or representations, written or oral, by EnviroLogix’ employees, agents or representatives, except written statements signed by a duly authorized officer of EnviroLogix Inc., are authorized; they should not be relied upon by the customer and are not a part of the contract of sale or of this warranty. EnviroLogix does not warrant against damages or defects arising in shipping or handling, or out of accident or improper or abnormal use of the Products; against defects in products or components not manufactured by EnviroLogix, or against damages resulting from such non-EnviroLogix made products or components. EnviroLogix passes on to customer the warranty it received (if any) from the maker thereof of such nonEnviroLogix made products or components. This warranty also does not apply to Products to which changes or modifications have been made or attempted by persons other than pursuant to written authorization by EnviroLogix. THIS WARRANTY IS EXCLUSIVE. The sole and exclusive obligation of EnviroLogix shall be to repair or replace the defective Products in the manner and for the period provided above. EnviroLogix shall not have any other obligation with respect to the Products or any part thereof, whether based on contract, tort, strict liability or otherwise. Under no circumstances, whether based on this Limited Warranty or otherwise, shall EnviroLogix be liable for incidental, special, or consequential damages. This Limited Warranty states the entire obligation of EnviroLogix with respect to the Products. If any part of this Limited Warranty is determined to be void or illegal, the remainder shall remain in full force and effect. Parafilm is a registered trademark of American Can Corporation EnviroLogix, the EnviroLogix logo, and QualiPlate are trademarks of EnviroLogix Inc. © EnviroLogix 2011
安瓿瓶冻干管打管说明
 
一、打管说明
1、安瓿瓶开封:用浸过75%酒精的脱脂棉擦净安瓿管,用火焰加热其顶端,滴少量无菌水至加热顶端使之破裂,用锉刀或者镊子敲下已破裂的安瓿管顶端。
2、菌株恢复培养:用无菌吸管吸取0.3--0.5ml适宜的液体培养基,滴入安瓿管内,轻轻振荡,使冻干菌体溶解呈悬浮状。吸取全部菌体悬浮液,移植于1-2支建议的培养基试管中,并在建议的条件下培养。
3、注意事项:菌种活化前,请将安瓿管保存在6-10℃的环境下,某些菌种经过冷冻干燥保存后,延迟期较长,需要连续两次继代培养才能正常生长。
4、复苏后的菌种在传1-2代后使用。
5、暂不启开的安瓿及复苏后需保藏的斜面应于4℃中保藏。
特别注意事项
l、微生物菌种应保藏于低温、清洁和干燥的地方,室温放置时问过长会导致菌种衰退;
2、菌种操作应在无菌条件下进行,防止杂菌污染:
3、斜面菌种保藏时间通常为1-2个月,应根据菌种状况及时转接;冻干菌种保藏时间通常为5~10年;
4、菌种使用过程中如出现杂菌污染或菌种生产性能下降,应及时与中国微生物菌种查询网联系或更换新的菌种。

  西林瓶和甘油冻存管打管说明
 
二、西林瓶菌种打管复活操作步骤
1、用 75%酒精棉擦拭西林瓶表面进行消毒。 
2、在生物安全柜中打开铝制瓶盖和胶盖。 
3、用无菌吸管吸取 0.5ml 左右液体培养基(《菌种说明书》中固体培养基去掉琼脂即可)于西 林瓶中将冻干菌粉全部溶解。 
4、将溶解后的菌悬液转移至盛有 4~5mL 液体培养基的试管中混匀,可将残留在吸管中的 1-2 滴菌悬液转接至固体培养基上。
5、将液体试管和斜面试管于推荐条件下静置培养,以液体培养结果为准。
三、甘油冻存管菌种打管复活操作步骤 
1、准备好推荐的菌种培养基(见《菌种说明书》)。
2、将冻存管下半部浸入 37℃温水中轻轻摇动,使冷冻状态的菌种悬液迅速融化。如果收到菌 种冻存管时菌悬液是融化状态则需要立即进行转接培养。 3、用 75%酒精棉擦拭冻存管表面进行消毒。
4、在生物安全柜中打开冻存管瓶盖,用无菌吸管吸取全部菌悬液,均匀涂布到 2 支试管斜面 或平板上。 
5、将斜面试管或平板于推荐条件下静置培养。对于生长缓慢的菌种应持续培养 2 周至更长的 时间。
四、注意事项 
1、 所有打管操作都需要无菌操作。需由专业微生物技术人员在相应防护设备中进行,生物危 害程度为三类的菌种应在生物安全柜中操作。 
2、 西林瓶和冻存管打开后需一次用完,不能留存。 
3、 菌种经过冻干保藏后,处于休眠状态,需要转接 2-3 代恢复活力。
4、 大部分冻干菌种会在培养几天后生长。有些菌种第一代恢复生长时会有较长的延迟期,培养此类菌种时需要将培养时间延长至正常培养时间的双倍时长,甚至 2 周至更长的时间。